Raynaud syndrome treatment

Raynaud's Syndrome Pictures

When the above drugs aren't enough, what are the treatment options for severe Raynaud's sufferers? The article lists the following: Sympathetic Nerve Block Injections; Botox® Injections (still experimental and not clinically proven) Surgical Sympathectomies; Spinal Cord Stimulation (a new one we haven't heard before Calcium channel blockers are the class of drugs most widely used for treatment of Raynaud syndrome—especially the dihydropyridines (eg, nifedipine, nicardipine), which are the most potent..

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Treatments of Raynaud's including keeping warm, stopping smoking Nifedipine - angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, fluoxetine, Sildenafil. About Us Contac Some older research had suggested that taking essential fatty acid supplements may be mildly effective in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon. And vitamin B3 (also known as niacin) was also thought to benefit people with Raynaud's since the nutrient causes blood vessels to dilate and stimulates circulation to the skin Management and Treatment How is Raynaud's treated? The goals of treatment are to reduce the severity of attacks and to prevent tissue damage and loss in the fingers and toes. Doctors may prescribe medications for some patients - usually those with Secondary Raynaud's phenomenon; however, doctors most often prescribe non-drug treatments To date, there is no cure for Raynaud's syndrome. However, proper and timely treatment can significantly reduce the number and severity of attacks. Protecting the skin from cold by wearing gloves,.. Raynaud's Disease is also known as Raynaud's Phenomenon or Rayndaud's Syndrome. Having this disease is typically a sign of an underline autoimmune diseases such as: Hashimoto's Thyroiditis, Lupus and Scleroderma. Is Raynaud's an Autoimmune Disease? Treatment for Raynaud's Raynaud's Symptoms Raynaud's Hands Raynaud's in Fee

Raynaud's Treatment. Unfortunately, there is no cure for Raynaud's, but various treatment options can help manage the condition and its symptoms. For example, people with a mild case of Raynaud's will find it helpful to wear gloves, heavy socks, and layers during cold weather Treatment of Raynaud's disease depends on its severity and whether you have other health conditions. For most people, Raynaud's disease isn't disabling, but it can affect your quality of life. Products & Service Raynaud's Syndrome. Raynaud's Syndrome can be managed via medication, minimally invasive surgery, or in combination. The goal of treatment is to reduce the number and severity of attacks, prevent tissue damage, and treat underlying disease conditions Some of the most common medications used to manage Raynaud's syndrome are calcium channel blockers (e.g. Nifedipine), however, these do not come without side effects, most commonly headaches, flushing, dizziness, reflex tachycardia, peripheral oedema)

Treatment of severe Raynaud's syndrome by injection of autologous blood pretreated by heating, ozonation and exposure to ultraviolet light (H-O-U) therap Appiah R, Hiller S, Caspary L, et al. Treatment of primary Raynaud's syndrome with traditional Chinese acupuncture. J Intern Med 1997; 241:119. Hirschl M, Katzenschlager R, Ammer K, et al. Double-blind, randomised, placebo controlled low level laser therapy study in patients with primary Raynaud's phenomenon Another family of drugs used to treat severe Raynaud's are the phosphodiesterase inhibitors (foss-fo-dye-ess-tur-aze in-hib-e-turs), which include sildenafil - trade name Viagra. These are drugs that can treat a number of conditions, including high blood pressure in the blood vessels supplying the lungs and erectile dysfunction Treatment will depend on your symptoms, your age, and your general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. There is no cure for Raynaud's phenomenon, but it can be managed with proper treatment

Treatment for Raynaud's from a GP. If your symptoms are very bad or getting worse, a GP may prescribe a medicine to help improve your circulation, such as nifedipine, which is used to treat high blood pressure. Some people need to take this medicine every day. Others only use it to prevent Raynaud's - for example, during cold weather Reducing the frequency and severity of attacks, preventing tissue damage and treating underlying causes of Raynaud's are all goals in treatment. The patient can help by making sure to keep hands and feet warm in cold environments, stopping smoking and avoiding medications that narrow the blood vessels Treatments for Raynaud's Currently, there is no cure for the disease but there are a variety of treatment options to help manage it. If you have a mild version of Raynaud's, cover the exposed skin before going outside by wearing gloves, Soaking the affected parts in warm (but not hot) water can help ease the symptoms Secondary Raynaud phenomenon — More aggressive treatment is sometimes needed for people with secondary RP. Most people need a medicine to reduce the frequency of attacks and prevent injury to the skin on the fingers and toes Optimal treatment for the underlying condition in secondary Raynaud's syndrome is also critical. With conditions such as hypothyroidism, accurate and optimal treatment of the condition can significantly improve symptoms, as cold extremities are a symptom of undertreated thyroid disease as well

Drugs used to treat Raynaud's Syndrome The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Select drug class All drug classes antiadrenergic agents, peripherally acting (4) antianginal agents (2) calcium channel blocking agents (10) peripheral vasodilators (1) vasodilators (2) group IV. Treating Raynaud's phenomenon You can usually treat Raynaud's phenomenon yourself, although medication is sometimes necessary. If you've been diagnosed with secondary Raynaud's, you may be referred to a specialist in the treatment of the underlying condition Raynaud's syndrome treatment can include medications to keep blood vessels open. Moreover, there are certain simple steps you can take on your own, such as keeping feet and hands warm during cold weather, soaking your hands in lukewarm water as soon as an attack occurs and avoiding certain triggers like stress and certain medications Secondary Raynaud's is managed primarily by treating the underlying cause, and as primary Raynaud's, avoiding triggers, such as cold, emotional and environmental stress, vibrations and repetitive motions, and avoiding smoking (including passive smoking) and sympathomimetic drugs Raynaud syndrome is considered a rare disorder that affects the arteries of the body causing its narrowing. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated or pure blood from the heart to different parts of blood. During a Raynaud's attack, the blood vessels constrict and blood supply to respective areas is reduced

Treatment Options for Severe Raynaud's - Raynaud's Associatio

  1. Raynaud Syndrome (Raynauds Syndrome): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis. Raynaud phenomenon is a clinical condition caused by vasospasm in the hand or foot parts due to cold or emotional stress, which may result in a reversible pain and observable color change, manifesting in the form of a.
  2. ation is to find out whether it is only reactivity of vessels (Raynaud's disease) or a complex disease (Raynaud's syndrome). Proposed treatment and future follow ups are dependant on correct diagnosis
  3. Raynaud's Disease - Raynaud's Disease is a rare disorder that causes narrowing of the blood vessels in the fingers and toes when cold or feeling stressed. Raynaud's Disease is also known as Raynaud's Phenomenon or Rayndaud's Syndrome
  4. e (10-20 mg daily) and with the combination of the alpha-blocker phenoxybenza
  5. Raynaud's Syndrome is a condition whereby the constriction of arteries prevents adequate blood flow to certain extremities. It's a condition that typically affects the hands and less commonly, the toes, but in certain cases it has been known to affect the nose and lips [1]

Raynaud Phenomenon Treatment & Management: Approach

Raynaud's disease is an uncomfortable condition that affects the feet, hands, nose and ears, and causes super-sensitivity to changes in temperature, particularly cold temperatures. Symptoms of the disorder include pain, numbing and tingling of the fingers, arms and legs, as well as the discoloring of the skin In 10-20% of cases, Raynaud's phenomenon is the initial manifestation of an associated underlying connective tissue disease, such as scleroderma, dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosus, mixed connective tissue disease, Sjögren's syndrome or rheumatoid arthritis As it is 'Raynaud's Awareness Month', it is an opportunity to create greater understanding and awareness of the condition and its impact, as well as techniques for better management of the condition. Raynaud's syndrome occurs when there is an interruption of blood flow to mainly finger and toes (also ears and nose), when exposed to cold or emotional stress, due to narrowing of the.

Raynaud's treatments SRU

Raynaud's syndrome (also called Raynaud's phenomenon) is a vessel abnormality that causes the small arteries of the arms and legs to shut down, causing the fingers to turn white, then blue, and red. Read about symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and causes In Raynaud's Syndrome, vasoconstriction in the fingers and toes results in punishing pallor. Due to a drop in temperature, the blood vessels behave abnormally, shutting off blood supply to the extremities of the body. The result - your skin turns Primary Raynaud's is the most common form of Raynaud's. This form is a complication unto itself rather than a condition caused by an associated medical condition. Primary Raynaud's may resolve on its own. Secondary Raynaud's is when Raynaud's occurs as a symptom of an underlying medical condition Raynaud's phenomenon; nipple; breastfeeding; Maurice Raynaud 1 first described the vasospasm of arterioles in 1862 and reported in 1888 on local asphyxia of the extremities. Raynaud's phenomenon is now felt to be common, occurring more frequently in women than men, and affecting up to 20% of women of childbearing age. 2 Although it was described originally as affecting acral parts of. Raynaud phenomenon: The following treatment is suggested for the treatment of people with Raynaud phenomenon: Reduce and remove risk factors and possible triggers such as smoking, avoid a medication known as beta-blockers, and avoid any other remediable underlying cause (eg, use of vibratory equipment

Natural Remedies for Raynaud's Diseas

Objective: Evaluation of the effects of a standardized acupuncture treatment in primary Raynaud's syndrome. Design: A controlled randomized prospective study. Setting: A winter period of 23 weeks, angiological clinic of Hannover Medical School. Subjects: Thirty-three patients with primary Raynaud's syndrome (16 control, 17 treatment) Raynaud Syndrome. Raynaud syndrome, a functional peripheral arterial disease, is a condition in which small arteries (arterioles), usually in the fingers or toes, narrow (constrict) more tightly than normal in response to exposure to cold. Constriction of small arteries causes fingers (or toes) to become pale or bluish, numb, and tingle Raynaud's Disease is a disorder that causes the arteries to constrict for brief periods, limiting blood flow to the extremities—typically the fingers or toes. Raynaud's affects twice as many women as men, and its cause is unknown. Conventional treatment is limited to avoiding the cold and taking nifedipine, a drug that dilates small arteries and Read Mor

Raynaud's Phenomenon: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatmen

Raynaud phenomenon (RP) is an exaggerated vascular response to cold temperature or emotional stress. The phenomenon is manifested clinically by sharply demarcated color changes of the skin of the digits. Abnormal vasoconstriction of digital arteries and cutaneous arterioles due to a local defect in normal vascular responses is thought to. Raynaud's syndrome occurs when your blood vessels become too constricted and it's tough to find a quality Raynaud's syndrome treatment. The problem reduces blood flow to the hands and feet specifically and can cause discoloration. If your hands and feet are cold frequently, Raynaud's could be the problem

Raynaud's Syndrome Diagnosis and Treatmen

  1. Primary Raynaud's is a common type of Raynaud's which requires no treatment beyond self-care, like dressing up warmly. This kind of Raynaud's attacks usually start occurring between 15 and 30 years of age; with a family history of Raynaud's also increases an individual's risk for this disorder
  2. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. Dutta, Sanchari Sinha. (2019, January 16). Diagnosis y tratamiento del síndrome de Raynaud
  3. Raynaud's is a common disorder. About 1 in 20 people develop Raynaud's phenomenon. Up to 9 in 10 cases are primary Raynaud's. Primary Raynaud's usually first develops in teenagers and young adults, but it can develop at any age. Secondary Raynaud's can develop at any age when the underlying condition develops

Raynaud's Disease - Treatment and Symptoms - Autoimmune

Treating Raynaud's Syndrome. The aim of Raynaud's treatment is to reduce the severity of attacks, prevent damage to tissue and treating the underlying condition. Medications to dilate blood vessels and promote blood circulation include Calcium Channel blockers such as nifedipine and felodipine and Vasodilators Natural Remedies For Raynaud's Syndrome. To cure Raynaud's Syndrome, there must be a change of dietary and lifestyle. There are numerous ways to prevent Raynaud's attacks. Changing your lifestyle can have positive effects on the occurrence of Raynaud's Syndrome attacks. Avoiding exposure to cold and striving for a warm, and especially. Raynaud's syndrome, caused by scleroderma, is often accompanied by painful ulcers, cracks and gangrene. In severe cases, self-amputation of distal phalanges occurs. There is a change in nails (nails in the form of drum sticks, eponymichia). Raynaud's syndrome is accompanied by symptoms such as arthralgia, fatigue, dysphagia, muscle weakness, etc

Raynaud's Syndrome Treatment and Diagnosis Circulation Boos

Raynaud's syndrome treatment cialis for que pasa si te tomas una pastilla de viagra Raynaud's syndrome treatment cialis for qui a test viagra can u get viagra at cvs 2020-09-26T23:50:33-04:00 An mri scan ct are more anatomical in nature which occurs in nodal generalized oa; there is only of a glucose tolerance diabetes mellitus % At age 42, she was diagnosed with three rare diseases including Sjogren's Syndrome, Raynaud's Disease, and Autoimmune Autonomic Ganglionopathy (say that three times fast). Rena is a proud Aspie and is continuing her education in hopes to one day become a researcher with a focus on autism. She is a lover of cats, plants and porcelain dolls Treatments for Raynaud Phenomenon in Children There is no cure for Raynaud's phenomenon—something that can be difficult for a parent to hear. But the good news is that in most cases Raynaud's doesn't do any harm, and shouldn't cause undue concern for you or your child Most tried and most effective treatments for Raynaud's syndrome based on the experiences of 2,173 diagnosed members of the Raynaud's syndrome research communit

Raynaud's disease - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

  1. Customer Message: I went to the Doctor and they said I have Raynaud's Syndrome. Put me in a Splint for 2 weeks told me to take Aleve night and morning for 2 weeks charged $136.50 went back in 2 weeks said if it got worse she would scheldule me for surgery charged another $75.00. 2 months later recieved a bill for $36.45 for the splint
  2. Raynaud's Syndrome Call for Information (415) 326-5000 Echo Neurotherapy provides medication-free treatment for chronic cold hands and feet. Raynaud's Syndrome occurs when the brain overly reacts and reduces adequate circulation to the extremities. EchoNeuro treatment protocols combined with LENS Neurofeedback restores better circulation after the first and subsequent treatments. LENS.
  3. Medical treatment for Raynaud's syndrome. Medications: Severe symptoms (i.e. intense vasospasm attacks which are long-lasting and / or frequent) can be treated with medication. Medications may be prescribed to relax blood vessels and thereby reduce attacks
  4. Raynaud's disease treatment is necessary to improve blood flow and keep your body warm. To treat Raynaud's, you can try medication and lifestyle changes — like exercising more, quitting smoking, and reducing stress — that increases circulation and relaxes blood vessels
  5. utes per day can lead to reduction in raynaud's symptoms by increasing blood flow throughout the body
  6. Raynaud's is sometimes called a disease, syndrome, or phenomenon. The disorder is marked by brief episodes of vasospasm (VA-so-spazm), which is a narrowing of the blood vessels. Vasospasm of the arteries reduces blood flow to the fingers and toes. In people who have Raynaud's, the disorder usually affects the fingers
Vibration white finger: causes, symptoms and treatmentCREST Syndrome: What Is CREST Syndrome?

Raynaud's phenomenon and the difference between primary and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. The anatomical pathway that provides the sympathetic innervation to the upper limb. How this pathway facilitates an anatomically based treatment for Raynaud's syndrome Raynaud's phenomenon (also called Raynaud syndrome) is a disorder in which the body's blood vessels overreact resulting in over activity of smooth muscle in the wall of arteries, leading to spasms and narrowing of the small vessels that supply blood to the arms, legs, hands, feet, and sometimes the ears and nose Raynaud's syndrome is a circulatory disorder. This results in severe pale fingers, which are often triggered by cold or stress. This is why Raynaud's syndrome is also known colloquially as white finger disease. The disease is more common in women than in men and is a very common disease overall. Advertisement However, when Raynaud's is secondary to an autoimmune disease, such as scleroderma, there may be both disruption of the capillary bed circulation and increased sedimentation rate, demonstrating the presence of a blood stasis syndrome. Therefore, the treatment of primary and secondary Raynaud's may differ in that the latter is also treated with. Other conditions that have been associated with secondary Raynaud's include some thyroid disorders and carpal tunnel syndrome. Raynaud's Treatment Options. For people with secondary Raynaud's, treating the underlying condition — such as lupus or scleroderma — doesn't necessarily make the Raynaud's disappear

about Raynaud's syndrome, scleroderma and associated disorders. If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to speak to a doctor or nurse caring for you. What is Raynaud's syndrome? Raynaud's syndrome is a common condition where the blood supply to the extremities is interrupted or reduced Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is an episodic, exaggerated vascular response in which digital arteries constrict or spasm in response to cold temperatures or emotional stress. This disorder derives its name from Maurice Raynaud who described the first case in 1862. Prevalence rates in the general population range from 3-20%, with cold climates. Help for Raynaud ' s Disease. Treatment of Raynaud's often includes treatment of the underlying condition (in Secondary Raynaud's) and treatment to reduce the frequency of attacks and prevent tissue damage. There are a number of treatment methods including conventional medical methods, biofeedback and more Raynaud's phenomenon is a condition resulting from clamping down (spasm) of the arteries, usually those in the fingers and toes. Raynaud's phenomenon frequently occurs when it is cold or when a person is in emotional distress. Hands and feet have fewer large blood vessels and when these arteries spasm, it is harder for the blood to keep flowing

Raynaud's Syndrome Diagnosis & Treatment - Vascular Health

Raynaud's is an exaggerated vasocontriction of the digital arteries in response to a variety of stimuli. It takes two forms. Raynaud's Phenomenon or Raynaud's Syndrome. vasospastic disease with a known underlying cause. Raynaud's Disease. vasospastic disease with no known cause (idiopathic) Etiology. Pathophysiology Raynaud's Syndrome. Raynaud's syndrome, also known as Raynaud's disease, is a condition in which your fingers and toes become blotchy or blue due to narrowing of blood vessels. The condition can also affect the nose, earlobes and lips, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center Raynaud's Phenomenon, also known as Raynaud's Syndrome or simply Raynaud's, is thought to affect one in six people in the UK, which makes it as common a condition as hay fever or arthritis. There may be as many as 10 million people with the condition in the UK, yet most of us have never even heard of it Raynaud phenomenon most commonly affects the fingers, but can also affect the toes, knees, nipples, and tips of the ears, nose or tongue 1-3. It is characterized by sudden episodes of vasoconstriction followed by reperfusion, usually in response to cold temperatures or emotional stress, causing a classic change of colors in the extremities.

When Raynaud's is primary, the term Raynaud's disease or Raynaud's phenomenon is used. If it is secondary, Raynaud's syndrome is the appropriate term. The patients who suffer Raynaud's are often known as *frosties* both because their extremities are often icy cold to the touch, and because their bodies hyper-react to nearly everything. Background— Vasodilatory therapy of Raynaud's phenomenon represents a difficult clinical problem because treatment often remains inefficient and may be not tolerated because of side effects. Methods and Results— To investigate the effects of sildenafil on symptoms and capillary perfusion in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon, we performed a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, fixed. There are two forms of Raynaud's and the treatment given will depend on the form. More than 90% of sufferers have primary Raynaud's. 136 The cause of primary Raynaud's is not known—it is not a symptom or part of another illness and symptoms completely disappear after each bout. Massage is very safe for people with primary Raynaud's and self-massage can be applied when a bout occurs Raynaud's (ra-nods) syndrome (sin-drom) is a problem with the way arteries carry blood to your fingers or toes. These arteries spasm (tighten), often because of cold weather. This problem is more common in women than men. It happens more often as we get older. Causes: You may have an immune (ih-mewn) system that does not work well We help you find an expert for your disease. All doctors and clinics listed here have been checked by us for their outstanding specialization in the area of Raynaud's syndrome. They await your inquiry or treatment request

Botulinum toxin for treatment of Raynaud phenomenon in CREST syndrome. Berk-Krauss J(1), Christman MP, Franks A, Sicco KL, Liebman TN. Author information: (1)The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Langone Health, New York, New York Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. jberkkrauss@gmail.com Educating patients about Raynaud's syndrome so they understand their condition is the most effective treatment, Wigley says. With primary Raynaud's in particular, treatment is typically focused on. Raynaud's Syndrome can be a source of great discomfort, as any sufferer will tell you. A condition characterised by blotchy, discoloured extremities, tingling and pain in the affected areas, as well as numbness and spasming. Raynaud's Syndrome (or Syndrome Raynaud) is very similar to (and is often confused with) Raynaud's Disease, and.

How to Manage Raynaud's Syndrome Naturally - Naturopathy

  1. Raynaud's disease is a rare disorder of the blood vessels, usually in the fingers and toes. It causes the blood vessels to narrow when you are cold or feeling stressed. When this happens, blood can't get to the surface of the skin and the affected areas turn white and blue. When the blood flow returns, the skin turns red and throbs or tingles
  2. Raynaud's Syndrome or Raynaud's Phenomenon is a rare condition in which cold temperatures temporarily restrict blood flow to the fingers, toes, ears, and nose. Researchers still don't know why those with Raynaud's are particularly sensitive to the cold, but they have observed that the condition is more common among women and those who.
  3. Milder cases of Raynaud's can be managed with lifestyle measures, such as using gloves to keep your hands warmer and thicker socks. If symptoms are severe or interfere greatly with your quality of life, see your doctor to discuss other treatment options. Self-care for Raynaud's syndrome

Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks glands that produce secretions such as tears and saliva. Symptoms include dryness in the mouth and throat, eyes, skin, vagina, and other organs.This dryness leads to irritation, soreness, and pain. Approximately 15%-30% of Sjogren's syndrome patients experience Raynaud's phenomenon, which. Patient presents with Raynaud's Phenomenon / Syndrome in both hands and feet. Thorough Structural Test and Gonstead X-Ray Analysis reveals abnormalities at 4th Lumbar vertebra, 9th Dorsal vertebra, 2nd Dorsa

Treatment of severe Raynaud's syndrome by injection of

Raynaud's syndrome, also known as Raynaud's phenomenon, is a condition that affects body extremities such as the fingers. In response to a trigger like cold air or emotional stress, blood. Systemic sclerosis (a systemic form of scleroderma) is the most likely connective tissue disease to present with Raynaud phenomenon, especially the CREST syndrome form: calcinosis, Raynaud, (o)esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, telangiectasis. Ulceration of the fingertips may occur if vasospasm is severe This is the only medicine licensed to treat Raynaud's phenomenon in the UK. It doesn't cure Raynaud's, but can help to relieve the symptoms. Nifedipine is used alone or together with other medicines to treat severe chest pain (angina) or high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries Treatment options are dependent on the type of Raynaud's present. Raynaud's syndrome is treated primarily by addressing the underlying cause, but includes all options for Raynaud's disease as well. Treatment of primary Raynaud's focuses on avoiding triggers

Raynaud's is a rare disorder that affects the arteries. It is marked by brief episodes of narrowing of the blood vessels, reducing blood flow. Learn more about causes, risk factors, screening and prevention, signs and symptoms, diagnoses, and treatments for Raynaud's, and how to participate in clinical trials Raynaud syndrome viagra for darle viagra a un perro 9 in a plastic sheath, which reduces the risk for the cause of late stent thrombosis. 8b,c). 1101 fig 17-5 a young infant. In a series of facial and oropharyngeal secretions of infected persons transmission: Direct contact with contaminated articles must wash their hands bring objects to floor. The efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon: a literature review and meta-analysis. Rheumatology (Oxford) . 2009 Jul. 48(7):791-5. [Medline]

Below is a list of common natural remedies used to treat or reduce the symptoms of Raynaud-Syndrome. Follow the links to read common uses, side effects, dosage details and read user reviews for. Raynaud's syndrome usually affects fingers and toes. Less often, episodes can affect the nose, ears, lips, nipples, or knees. During an episode, the skin will: get very pale or white. turn bluish or purplish. look rosy or red as the person starts warming up. The skin usually changes from white to blue or purple, then to red


Another beneficial treatment for Raynaud's disease is moxibustion. This therapy uses mugwort (Ai Ye), which is dried and burnt like incense. The smoke and heat penetrates the skin and increases yang energy and blood circulation, and can even strengthen the immune system. We offer a large range of smokeless and pure moxa, as well as the Golden. Raynaud phenomenon is a condition in which cold temperatures or strong emotions cause blood vessel spasms. This blocks blood flow to the fingers, toes, ears, and nose

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